A Brief History of Simon’s Town

Simon’s Town, South Africa was named after the Dutch governor of the Cape Colony, Simon van der Stel. He was the governor there between 1677 and 1699. It is known both as Simon’s Town and Simonstown. Simon’s Town became more populated after a Royal Naval Base was built there and home of the South Atlantic Squadron under the 2nd British occupation of the Cape in 1806. It is near Cape Town, South Africa. It has been a naval and harbor base for more than 200 years.

The town is on the False Bay shores, the eastern side of the Cape Peninsula. It became a free port in 1832. There is tourism in Simon’s Town, with a naval base, Victorian buildings, quaint walkways and streets, and Boulders. Boulders is the most famous beach in Simon’s Town. It is the home to three thousand African penguins. The beach has very large, rounded rocks and tons of coves and rock pools that have to be explored.

Interestingly, Simon’s Town has a couple of museums for people to learn about the town’s history. The first museum is Simon’s Town Museum, which is a must see. It has the Old Residency, which was built for the governor of the Dutch East India Company. There was a brothel and slave quarters in the early days. One of the museum’s most popular exhibits is a statue of Able Seaman Just Nuisance, a beer-drinking Dane that was adopted by the Royal Navy in World War ll.

Next, the other museum is the South African Naval Museum. It celebrates Simon’s Town’s naval history and has displays of the inside of a submarine and a ship’s bridge. The ship’s bridge moves with an ignited rocking motion. There is history about the ships and has a helicopter displays with some guns. The admission for the museum is free, but donations are accepted.

More African Penguins

We cannot get enough of Simonstown’s African penguins!

These penguins are actually known as the “jackass” penguins due to the fact that they bray like a donkey! Adult African penguins are nearly 28 inches tall and can weigh over 7 pounds. These little guys LOVE fish & squid and sadly these penguins are on the endangered species list. One reason is due to the local fisheries harvesting sardines and anchovies, the African penguins main diet, causing them to swim out further into the ocean, finding less nutritious fish and making them more likely to become prey themselves to sharks and even killer whales. Without predators, the African penguin can live up to 27 years in the wild, some have lived 30 years in captivity.

Simon’s Town During Wartime

7028964305_340ea5fcae_simonstown

Simon’s Town During Wartime

The part which Simon’s Town and the boats of the Africa Station were called upon to play in this war varied in no appreciation from the part it had played in before wars. These errands were the disposal of all foe ships, particularly trade thieves, from the waters around the southern end of Africa and the end of all the adversary bases inside of its circle.

At the flare-up of war there was various German warships everywhere in every one of the seas of the world; these incorporated the Emden, the Koningsberg and Admiral von Spee’s capable squadron accepted to be in the South Pacific. Until these boats were represented no extended undertaking via ocean against the German states could be thought about without a capable escort of warships. The Emden was obliterated at Keeling Island, the Koningsberg in the Rufji River and von Spee’s squadron at the Falkland Islands. With every unfriendly warship tastefully discarded, operations against the two German settlements of South West Africa and Tanganyika could now proceed.

For the rest of the war Simon’s Town spent an unexceptional however occupied and crucial presence as a refueling and refitting base for the escorts of the various troop caravans going in the middle of Europe and Australasia, India and the Far East. The most annihilation in South African waters was finished by the mine fields laid by business pillagers off Dassen Island and Cape Agulhas.

Simon’s Town movement took after much the same example in the Second World War as it did in the First. In the early phases of the war it was the gathering base for the boats occupied with the gathering together of the few German ships in the southern seas, the most imperative of which was the Graf Spee. There took after other intensely equipped marauders masked as shipper boats, including the Atlantis which laid mines off Cape Agulhas and somewhere else. They worked with extensive achievement however were in the end blocked and sunk by boats based at Simon’s Town.

With the end of the Mediterranean all activity in the middle of Europe and the East must be directed around the Cape as in previous days. In spite of the fact that the trader ships put into Cape Town for renewal just Simon’s Town was equipped for managing the exceptional necessities of the warships. The section of Japan into the war and their quick success of Malaysia and the East Indies escalated the essential part which Simon’s Town needed to play.

In the last phases of the war, with the reviving of the Mediterranean and the Suez Canal, Simon’s Town lost quite a bit of its significance as an organizing post. At this point, be that as it may, the war in the southern seas was for all intents and purposes over and Simon’s Town’s assignment was done until further notice. It had done its errand and done it well.Photo by Blob79

Penguins

11739123413_a9a98c9680_south-africa-penguin

Boulders Beach famous for it’s Penguins

SANCCOB help protect these penquins.

SANCCOB’S HISTORY AND BACKGROUND

There were around 1.5 million grown-up African Penguins along the southern African coast in the 1930’s. Human exercises decreased this number by a stunning 90% in under a century. The African Penguin, together with over twelve other ocean fledgling species found in South Africa, is thought to be debilitated and powerless against extinction.The Southern African Foundation for the Conservation of Coastal Birds (SANCCOB) was set up in 1968 in light of the expanded quantities of oiled ocean winged animals along the South African coast. All through the most recent 35 years, SANCCOB has reacted to each oil slick in South Africa and has treated more than 82 000 badly, harmed, stranded and oiled ocean flying creatures. Our inside treated 817 African penguins in 2001, 974 penguins in 2002, 1 050 penguins in 2003 and 655 penguins in 2004 – in spite of the way that there were no significant oil slicks in those years. Our endeavors in preservation proceed 365 days every year because of the way that expanding quantities of our defenseless ocean winged animal species require restoration year round.

Photo by ChrisLucasProAd

Simon’s Bay

13272373714_4138b36508_simonstown

Simon’s Bay owes its name and unique significance to Governor Simon van der Stel, who by and by overviewed False Bay in 1687. He prescribed Simon’s Bay as a protected safe winter jetty – yet it was just in 1741, after numerous wrecks in Table Bay, that the Dutch East India Company announced that their vessels grapple in Simon’s Bay from May to August.

The advancement of the little settlement, Simon’s Vlek, was moderate because of the practically inconceivable access overland to Cape Town. However stores were manufactured, ships repaired and new procurements supplied. A three-gabled clinic was worked and in addition a couple of more considerable houses.

Simon’s Town, as we probably am aware it today, developed all the more quickly with the foundation of the Royal Naval Base there not long after the second British occupation in 1806. Office of the chief naval officer House, beforehand a private abiding, dates from 1814.

Amid the nineteenth century the Simon’s Town Naval Base was in charge of the consideration of Napoleon Bonaparte, ousted to St Helena Island, until his passing in 1821. The Royal Navy was effectively included in fighting the slave exchange from African ports.

The railroad line in the long run achieved Simon’s Town in 1890 and assisted the improvement of the town and harbor. The Royal Navy was in charge of the consideration of the Boer detainees of-war in Bellevue Camp – now a fairway – . amid the Anglo-Boer War (1899 – 1902). Amid the First World War a Japanese Cruiser monitored Town. The Simon’s Town harbor and the Selborne dry-dock were finished in 1910 and more than 300 boats experienced repairs in Simon’s Town amid the Second World War.

In April 1957 the Naval Base was given over toward the South African Government. The harbor was broadened and a few new ships, including three submarines, were bought.

Then the residential community had extended along the shoreline and up the slope. Numerous organizations and a couple of inns were worked along St George’s Street, and a hefty portion of these memorable structures still exist today, constituting the Historic Mile with Jubilee Square, ignoring the yacht bowl, as its essential issue. Simon’s Town with its maritime harbor had a differing cosmopolitan group with numerous races and nationalities. Disastrously in 1967 the Group Area Act proclaimed Simon’s Town a “White Group Area”, and a vast and essential segment of the group was uprooted – leaving substantial parts of the town abandoned.

In the course of recent decades Simon’s Town has pulled in numerous new inhabitants with an ensuing building blast, which has luckily not obliterated the verifiable and social advance of the old town. The coming of popular government in 1994 and the late development of the, completely incorporated, South African Navy has given a further impulse to the development of Simon’s Town, which now pulls in a large number of guests consistently. While most come to see the penguins and the whales, numerous hesitate to welcome the one of a kind authentic vibe of Simon’s Town.

Photo by mikehoweely